Because of the long history of conflict between the English and French in Canada, a division between the two still exists in the country’s languages today.  The Great Lakes feed the St. Lawrence River (in the southeast) where lowlands host much of Canada's population. The Mackenzie is over 4,200 km (2,600 mi) in length while the St. Lawrence is over 3,000 km (1,900 mi) in length. Notable mountains in the Appalachians include Mount Jacques-Cartier (Quebec, 1,268 m or 4,160 ft), Mount Carleton (New Brunswick, 817 m or 2,680 ft), The Cabox (Newfoundland, 814 m or 2,671 ft). Canada is currently warming at twice the global average, and this is effectively irreversible. Montreal, Canadaâs second-largest metropolitan area with 3.9 million residents, is the largest French-speaking city in the Western hemisphere. Excitingly, its always changing, too: history has taught that geopolitical boundaries shift dramatically as the centuries pass.  Landlocked areas tend to have a warm summer continental climate zone with the exception of Southwestern Ontario which has a hot summer humid continental climate. , The westernmost point is Boundary Peak 187 (60Â°18â²22.929â³N 141Â°00â²7.128â³W) at the southern end of the YukonâAlaska border, which roughly follows 141Â°W but leans very slightly east as it goes North 60Â°18â²04â³N 141Â°00â²36â³W / 60.301Â°N 141.010Â°W / 60.301; -141.010 (Boundary Peak 187). Together, let's limit the spread of COVID-19 and prevent future outbreaks COVID-19: From risk to resilience Chief Public Health Officer of Canadaâs Report on the State of Public Health in Canada 2020 The third branch is made up of the Supreme Court. Canada’s industry and land use vary based on region.  Parts of Western Canada have a semi-arid climate, and parts of Vancouver Island can even be classified as a warm-summer Mediterranean climate.  Of Canada's thirteen provinces and territories, only two are landlocked (Alberta and Saskatchewan) while the other eleven all directly border one of three oceans. FOREWORD State of the Worldâs Forests 2016 could not be better timed, as FAO is gearing up to fulfil its key role in helping countries develop national plans, policies and programmes to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals In this part of Canada begins one of the world's largest estuaries, the Estuary of Saint Lawrence (see Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests). . The Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province was formed by faulting, cracking, rifting, and the interaction between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate. There are also some French-speaking communities in other portions of Canada, mostly on the east coast, but the majority of the rest of the country speaks English. The Appalachian mountains (more specifically the Chic-Choc Mountains, Notre Dame, and Long Range Mountains) are an old and eroded range of mountains, approximately 380 million years in age. Download : Download full-size image Fig. The oil sands are located in the Canadian boreal forest, which is as large as 88 percent of the entire United States Geographical and historical treatment of Canada, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its people, economy, and government. Forestry has long been a major industry in Canada. Absolute (a) and Major elements are the Yukon, Columbia and Fraser rivers. , The Shield cannot support intensive agriculture, although there is subsistence agriculture and small dairy farms in many of the river valleys and around the abundant lakes, particularly in the southern regions. Major resource-based industries are fisheries, forestry, agriculture, petroleum products and mining.  Temperature extremes in Canada range from 45.0 Â°C (113.0 Â°F) in Midale and Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan, on 5 July 1937, to â63.0 Â°C (â81.4 Â°F) in Snag, Yukon, on 3 February 1947. Canada's largest cities are Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Ottawa, and Calgary. There are over 200 young volcanic centres that stretch northward from the Cascade Range to Yukon. The Danish island dependency of Greenland lies to Canada's northeast, separated from the Canadian Arctic islands by Baffin Bay and Davis Strait. The size is roughly ~1,900,000 km2 (733,594.1 sq mi). In addition, agriculture and ranching play a significant role in the Prairie Provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba) and several parts of the rest of the country. Bay watershed drains over a third of Canada 's many rivers have afforded extensive of... The state of Illinois ) salmon population continues to drive a strong fisheries industry of inaccessibility is allegedly Jackfish... 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